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Education and Innovation in Embedded Systems Design

USI Università della Svizzera italiana, USI Faculty of Informatics, Advanced Learning and Research Institute USI Università della Svizzera italiana USI Faculty of Informatics USI Advanced Learning and Research Institute
TitleOSCAR: an Optimization Methodology Exploiting Spatial Correlation in Multi-core Design Space
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMariani, G., G. Palermo, C. Silvano, and V. Zaccaria
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design
Date Published05/2012
Keywordschip multi processor, correlation based design, design space exploration, multi-core, multi-objective optimization, OSCAR

This paper presents OSCAR, an Optimization methodology exploiting Spatial CorrelAtion of multi-coRe design space. The paper builds upon the observation that power consumption and performance metrics of spatially close design configurations (or points) are statistically correlated. We propose to exploit the correlation by using a Response Surface Model (RSM), i.e., a closed-form expression suitable for predicting the quality of non-simulated design points. This model is useful during the design space exploration (DSE) phase to quickly converge to the Pareto set of the multi-objective problem without executing lengthy simulations. We compare the proposed heuristic with state-of-the-art approaches (conventional, RSM-based and structured DOEs). Experimental results show that OSCAR is a faster heuristic with respect to state of the art techniques such as Response-Surface Pareto Iterative Refinement - ReSPIR and Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm - NSGA-II. Reported results also show that OSCAR can significantly improve structured DOE approaches by slightly increasing the number of experiments.