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Education and Innovation in Embedded Systems Design

USI Università della Svizzera italiana, USI Faculty of Informatics, Advanced Learning and Research Institute USI Università della Svizzera italiana USI Faculty of Informatics USI Advanced Learning and Research Institute
TitleOnline Model-free Sensor Fault Identification and Dictionary Learning in Cyber-Physical Systems
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAlippi, C., S. Ntalampiras, and M. Roveri
Conference NameIEEE-INNS International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN16)
Date Published07/2016
Conference LocationVancouver, Canada

This paper presents a model-free method for the online identification of sensor faults and learning of their fault dictionary. The method, designed having in mind Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs), takes advantage of functional relationships among the datastreams acquired by CPS sensing units. Existing model-free change detection mechanisms are proposed to detect faults and identify the fault type thanks to a fault dictionary
which is built over time. The main features of the proposed algorithm are its ability to operate without requiring any a priori information about the system under inspection or the nature of the possibly occurring faults. As such, the method follows the model-free approach, characterized by the fact the fault dictionary
is constructed online once faults are detected. Whenever available, humans can be considered in the loop to label a fault or a fault class in the dictionary as well as introduce fault instances generated thanks to a priori information. Experimental results on both synthetic and real datasets corroborate the effectiveness of the proposed fault diagnosis system.