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Education and Innovation in Embedded Systems Design

USI Università della Svizzera italiana, USI Faculty of Informatics, Advanced Learning and Research Institute USI Università della Svizzera italiana USI Faculty of Informatics USI Advanced Learning and Research Institute
TitleOne-class classifiers based on entropic spanning graphs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLivi, L., and C. Alippi
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Volume28
Start Page2846
Issue12
Pagination 2846 - 2858
Date Published11/2016
Abstract

One-class classifiers offer valuable tools to assess the presence of outliers in data. In this paper, we propose a design methodology for one-class classifiers based on entropic spanning graphs. The spanning graph is learned on the embedded input data, with the aim to generate a partition of the vertices.
The final partition is derived by exploiting a criterion based on mutual information minimization. Here, we compute the mutual information by using a convenient formulation provided in terms of the alfa-Jensen difference. Once training is completed, in order to associate a confidence level with the classifier decision, a graph-based fuzzy model is constructed. The fuzzification process is based only on topological information of the vertices of the entropic spanning graph. As such, the proposed one-class classifier is suitable also for datasets with complex geometric structures. We provide experiments on well-known benchmarking datasets containing both feature vectors and labeled graphs. In addition, we apply the method on the problem of protein solubility recognition by considering several data representations for the samples. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and versatility of the proposed method with respect to other state-of the-art approaches.

DOI10.1109/TNNLS.2016.2608983